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牛津译林版中考英语 语法专题七 形容词和副词复习课件

  • 课件名称:牛津译林版中考英语 语法专题七 形容词和副词复习课件
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  • 更新时间:2018-5-3 6:41:34
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    牛津译林版中考英语 语法专题七 形容词和副词复习课件
    中考语法专题七 形容词和副词 第二部分 语法复习 中考语法专题七 形容词和副词 形容词用来修饰名词,表示名词的属性,一般放在它所修饰的名词之前,在句中可做定语、表语和宾语补足语。 副词用来修饰动词、形容词、其他副词或全句,说明时间、地点、程度、方式等概念。副词分为:时间副词、地点副词、程度副词、疑问副词、连接副词和频度副词等。副词主要用作状语,少数与介词同形的副词还可以做表语或补足语 考点一、形容词 (一)形容词的用法 1.做定语:放在被修饰的名词之前,但若被修饰的词是something,anything等不定代词是,形容词要后置(“不形”即不定代词 形容词)。 例:a clever boy something special 2.做表语:放在be动词或系动词之后。 例:The flower is beautiful. 常见的接形容词做表语的系动词有:一似乎(seem),二保持(keep,stay),三变化(become,get,turn),五感官(feel,sound,look,smell,taste)。 例:He seems angry. 考点一、形容词 This kind of cloth feels soft. The flower smells sweet. You must keep healthy. Her face turned red. 3.做宾语补足语:放在宾语之后,常与make,leave,keep,find,feel,think等动词连用。例: You must keep your eyes closed when you do eye exercises. The sad movie made me sad. 考点一、形容词 (二)形容词的重要用法 1. “It’s adj. of sb. to do sth.”表示“某人(做某事)怎么样”。用于此句型的形容词多是kind,nice,polite,clever等形容人主观情感、性格、品质、态度等的词。例: It’s kind of him to help me. 2.“It’s adj. for sb. to do sth.”表示“做某事对某人来说怎么样”。用于此句型的形容词多是difficult,easy,dangerous,pleasant等描述事物客观情况的词。例: It’s very important for us to learn English well. 3.表示感情和情绪的形容词:glad,happy,sorry,sad,thankful,pleased等常接动词不定式。例: I’m glad to see you here. I’m sorry to keep you waiting for a long time. 考点一、形容词 (三)以 “-ing”和“-ed”构词结尾的adj.:-ing表示“令人….”, -ed表 “感到…. ”例: You will be excited by our exciting hairstyles. amazing 令人惊讶的 amazed 感到惊讶的 exciting 令人激动的 excited 感到激动的 sb. be excited about disappointing令人失望的 disappointed 感到失望的 sb. be disappointed at surprising令人惊奇的 surprised 感到惊奇的 interesting 令人有趣的 interested感到有趣的 sb. be interested in I.用of或 for填空: 1. It’s rude ________ people to say something like that. 2. It is necessary ______ us to have a balanced diet and plenty of exercise to keep our hair healthy. 3. It is useful __________ the students to have a computer at home. 4. It is kind __________ the policeman to send me home. 考点自测 of for for of II.用所给词的适当形式填空: 1. The boy is __________ to watch the __________ boxing match. (excite) 2. The students were _______________ at the _________________ news. (disappoint) 3. We felt ______________ at the ________________ news. (surprise) 4. Mary is _____________ in Chinese paintings. She thinks they are ________________. (interest) 5. The homework has been _______ .I’m ________, so I go to bed. (tire) 6. We spent a very ______________ evening last night. We really felt ______________. (bore) 7. The man looked ________ when he saw the _________ tiger. (frighten) 8. The ___________ film made us _______________. (amaze) 考点自测 excited exciting disappointed disappointing surprised surprising interested interesting tiring tired boring bored frightened frightening amazing amazed 考点二、副词 (一)副词的用法 1.副词用来修饰动词、形容词、副词或整句(此时副词可放在句首或句末)。 2.副词的位置:发在动词之前;但always,often,never等放在be动词、助动词、情态动词之后,行为动词之前。例: As a student, we should study hard. Amy is often late for school. This often makes our teacher angry. (二)副词的分类 1.按其语法作用可分为四类。 (1)疑问副词,用来构成疑问句。 例:where,when,why,how等。 考点二、副词 (2)连接副词,用来引导宾语从句等。 例:when,where,why,how等。 (3)关系副词,用来引导定语从句并在句中作状语。 例:when,where,why等。 (4)普通副词,除以上三类副词外的全部副词都属于此类。 2.按其词义可分为四类。 (1)时间副词,例:ago,before,recently等。 (2)地点副词,例:away,there,outside等。 (3)方式副词,例:carefully,slowly,successfully等。 (4)程度副词,例:much,hardly,very,greatly等。 考点二、副词 (三)足够…以至于… 1. 形容词或副词 enough . 如:(年龄)足够的大old enough 足够的大声loudly enough adj/adv. enough to do sth Her hair is long enough to tie (tie) back. adj/adv. enough for sb to do The desk is light enough for me to carry (carry). 2. 不足够….. not… enough to do =太….而不能…too…to do The boy is not old enough to work. =The boy is too young to work The boy is so young that he can’t work 考点三、形容词与副词词性变化规律 (一)adj. ly →adv.例:slows→lowly beautiful→beautifully (二)以辅音字母加-le的词,去-e加-y。 例:terrible→terribly gentle→gently (三)以“元音字母 辅音字母(l除外) e”结尾的形容词,直接在词尾加-ly。 例:wide→widely brave→bravely polite→politely (四)以字母“y”结尾的形容词变副词有两种情况: 1.y发短元音〔i〕时,应变y为i,再加-ly。 例:easy→easily happy→happily 2.y发双元音〔ai〕时,则应直接加-ly。 例:dry→dryly shy→shyly 考点三、形容词与副词词性变化规律 (五)其他形式。例:full→fully true→truly 注:1.以-ly结尾的形容词:friendly,lovely,likely,daily,weekly,ugly,lively,lonely等。 2.有的词加了-ly的意思和词义是不同的。 high 高的 deep 深的 late 迟 highly 高度地 deeply 深深地 lately 最近 wide 宽的 close 近的 hard 努力的,难的 widely 广泛地 closely 仔细地 hardly 几乎不 just 刚才 most 很,最 near 附近 justly 公正地 mostly 大多数 nearly 几乎 考点三、形容词与副词词性变化规律 3.兼做形容词和副词的词。有些单词既具有形容词词性和具有副词词性。以下是常见的该类词。 形容词 词义 副词 词义 形容词 词义 副词 词义 well 身体好 well 很好地 hard 硬的,困难的 hard 努力地 fast 快的 fast 快地 early 早的 early 早地 late 迟的 late 迟 loud 大声的 loud 大声地 nearby 附近的 nearby 在附近 straight 直的 straight 直地,直接地 high 高的 high 高 pretty 漂亮的 pretty 相当 考点四、形容词和副词的比较级和最高级 (一)构成规则 1.单音节词的比较级加-er,最高级加-est(以-e结尾的词只加-r构成比较级,加-st构成最高级)。例:tall→taller nice→nicest 2.以辅音字母加y结尾的双音节改y为i,再加-er构成比较级,加-est构成最高级。例:happy→happier dirty→dirtiest 3.重读闭音节结尾并且只有一个辅音字母时双写最后一个字母再加-er,-est。例:big→bigger→biggest wet→wetter→wettest 特例:like→more like→most like real→more real→most real 4.多音节词和部分双音节词,在原级前加more,most构成比较级和最高级。例:slowly→more slowly tired→more tired dange
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