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牛津译林版中考英语 语法专题三 代词复习课件

  • 课件名称:牛津译林版中考英语 语法专题三 代词复习课件
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  • 更新时间:2018-5-3 7:23:37
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    牛津译林版中考英语 语法专题三 代词复习课件
    考点自测六 7. --Which do you prefer, cola or coffee ? -- __________ are OK . (随便吧) -- __________ .(都不要) I want a cup of tea. 8. Lucy and Lily are _________ from America. (both/all) 9. Lucy , Lily and Tom are _________ from America . (both/all) And _________ of them know(s) Chinese. (Neither/ None) 10. There are many trees on __________ sides of the road.(either/both) 11. There are many trees on ____________ side of the road.(either/both) Both both Neither both none either all 考点自测六 12. She tried several ways, but _______ of them worked. (neither/none) 13. All children are pleased, for ______ of them has got his own share.(each/every) 14. The cake is delicious. May I have ___________ one ? (another/ the other/other) 15. Mr. Green has four dictionaries. One is in the living room, __________ three are in his study.(another/ the other/ other) 16. Beijing is bigger than any other ____________ in China. ( city ) 17. Beijing is bigger than all the other _____________ in Korea. ( city) none the other each another city cities 考点八:复合不定代词 (1)一般情况下,由some构成的复合不定代词用在肯定句中;由any构成的复合不定代词用在疑问句和否定句中;由no构成的复合不定代词表示否定含义。 He said nothing. = He didn’t say anything. 他什么都没说。 somebody(某人) Anybody (任何人) Nobody (没有人) everybody ( 每人) someone (某人) Anyone (任何人) no one (没有人) everyone ( 每人) something (某物) Anything (任何事) Nothing (没有东西) everything ( 每一件事) 考点八:复合不定代词 (2)不定代词做主语做单数使用。 Something is wrong with her watch. 她的手表出问题了。 (3) 形容词修饰不定代词要后置。 Is there anything interesting to tell me? 有什么有趣的事要告诉我吗? 考点自测七 1. Would you like _______________________ ( 甜的东西)? 2. Something ___________ wrong with my bike. ( be ) 3. There is _____________________________ in today’s newspaper. (没什么有趣的) 4. Is there ____________________________? (其他的人) nothing interesting is anyone/ anybody else something sweet 中考语法专题三 代词 第二部分 语法复习 考点一:人称代词 1.人称代词的分类 主格 宾格 第一人称 单数 I(我) me(我) 复数 we(我们) us(我们) 第二人称 单数 you(你) you(你) 复数 you(你们) you(你们) 第三人称 单数 he(他) him(他) she(她) her(她) it(它) it(它) 复数 they(他们、她们、它们) them(他们、她们、它们) 考点一:人称代词 2.人称代词的主格和宾格的区别 人称代词的主格 通常放在动词的前面作句子的主语; 人称代词的宾格 通常放在动词或介词的后面作句子的宾语。 He was born in the countryside. 他出生在乡村。 Jack wrote to her last week. 上周杰克给她写了封信。 考点一:人称代词 3.人称代词并列时的顺序 单数形式:you, he and I(二三一) 复数形式:we, you and they(一二三) You, he and I will attend the meeting. 你、他还有我将参加会议。 We, you and they are all engineers. 我们、你们还有他们都是工程师。 考点自测 一 ________ am not good at English. Can you help ________.? ( 我) 2. _________ is so kind that we all like ________. (他) 3. Would you like to go with ________. (他们) ? 4. Who will take ________ to the zoo?(她) He me them him her I 考点二:物主代词 1.表示所有关系的代词叫物主代词。物主代词分形容词性物主供词和名词性物主代词。 物主代词 形容词性 名词性 单数 第一人称 my mine 第二人称 your yours 第三人称 his his her hers its its 复数 第一人称 our ours 第二人称 your yours 第三人称 their theirs 考点二:物主代词 形容词性物主代词只能作定语,后面要接名词; 名词性物主代词起着名词的作用,后面不能接名词 Their classroom is on the second floor. 他们的教室在二楼。 Her shoes are different from mine. 她的鞋和我的不一样。 2.形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词的区别: ★注意:双重所有格:“名词 of 名词性物主代词/名词所有格” The girl is a friend of his. = The girl is one of his friends. This is a photo of my father’s. = This is one of my father’s photos. 考点自测二 用所给词的适当形式填空 1.(1)This is ________ (I) mobile phone, and that is ________ (you). (2) ________ (they) school is much bigger than ________ (we). 2.(1)The girl is a friend of ________ ( she ). = The girl is one of ________ (she) friends. (2)This is a photo of his ________ ( teacher ). = This is one of his ________ ( teacher )photos. my yours Their ours hers her teacher’s teacher’s 考点三:反身代词 1.反身代词的单复数形式 反身代词 单数 第一人称 myself 第二人称 yourself 第三人称 himself herself itself 复数 第一人称 ourselves 第二人称 yourselves 第三人称 themselves 考点三:反身代词 (1)作宾语,位于及物动词或介词之后。 The boy can take care of himself. 那个男孩子能照顾自己。 (2)作主语或宾语的同位语,用以加强语气,放在主语后或句尾。 He himself did the cleaning. = He did the cleaning himself. 他亲自做的清洁。 2.反身代词的用法 考点三:反身代词 ★注意:反身代词不做定语,常用 “one’s own” 表达“某人自己的”。 I think that I should have my own shop. 我认为我应该有自己的店。 (3)反身代词常用短语 teach oneself/ learn…by oneself 自学 by oneself 独自 come to oneself 恢复知觉 devote oneself to 致力于…… enjoy oneself 玩的开心 help oneself to 自用 say to oneself 自言自语 考点自测三 用所给词的适当形式填空 1. Little Tom fell off the bike, and he hurt ________ (he). 2. If our parents do everything for us children, we won’t learn to depend on ________ (we). 3. —How your aunt learn to play the guitar? --By ________ (she). 4. “Help __________ (you) to the fruit!” I said to the twins. 5. Yesterday, I saw they enjoyed __________ (they) in the park. 6. The work __________ (it) is easy. himself themselves itself herself yourselves ourselves 考点四:指示代词 单数 复数 指近处 this these 指远处 that those 1.作主语、宾语、表语 This is a fan, and that is an air-conditioner. 这是风扇,那是空调。 2.在电话中,用this(我)表示打电话者,用that(你)询问对方。 Hello! This is Jenny (speaking). Who’s that? 你好!我是珍妮。你是哪位? 考点四:指示代词 3.that和those常用于比较结构中(as… as 同级比较,than不同级别比较),代替前面提到的名词,以避免重复。that代替前面提到的单数名词或不可数名词;those代替前面提到的复数名词。 The weather in Beijing is as cold as that in Qingdao
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