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牛津译林版中考英语 语法专题九 时态和语态复习课件

  • 课件名称:牛津译林版中考英语 语法专题九 时态和语态复习课件
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  • 更新时间:2018-5-3 7:15:40
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  • ◆课件简介:
    牛津译林版中考英语 语法专题九 时态和语态复习课件
    ( 七 ) 现在完成时 1.---Where is Lily?--- She _______________ to Beijing. 2.I ____________________ to Beijing twice. 3. My parents ___________________ Shenzhen since 1999. 考点二:has gone to/has been to / have been in 的区别 1. Shenzhen _____________ a lot in the past 50 years. ( change ) 考点三:现在完成时 表示“最近几世纪/年/月以来……”时间状语,如:in the past few years/months/weeks/days has gone to have been to have been in has changed ( 七 ) 现在完成时 1. 这是我第一次参观中国。 This is my first time that I ________________ (visit) China. 2. 这是我看过的最有趣的电影。 This is the most interesting film that I _______ ever ________(see). 3. 那是他写的唯一的书。 That is the only book that he _______________( write). 考点四:表示“第几次做某事”或在“It is the best (worst, most interesting) 名词 that”后面跟现在完成时。 have visited have seen has written ( 七 ) 现在完成时 1.die- ______________ 2.borrow- ______________ 3.buy- ______________ 4. open- _____ 5.close- ____________ 6. begin- ______________ 7. leave- __________ (from) 8.join- ______________ 9.marry - _____________ 10.go- ____________ 11.return-_____________ 12.他已经买了那本书。 He _____________________the book. 13. 他买了那本书已经三天了 He ____________________ the book for 3 days. 考点五:延续性动词和瞬间动词的转换。 been dead kept had be open been closed been on been away been a member of been married been away been back 1.Tom_____________ the work when they came back. (finish) 2.否定句 → Tom _____________ the work when they came back. 3.一般疑问句→ ____ Tom ________ the work when they came back? 4.肯定回答 → ______ , ___________. 5.否定回答 → ______ , ___________. 考点一:过去完成时 by the end of 过去时间 1. We___________ 200 bridges by the end of 2000.(build) 2. By the time he was 14, he _________ ( set) up a small company of his own. ( 八 )过去完成时 had finished hadn’t finished Had finished Yes he had No he hadn’t had built had set ( 八 )过去完成时 1.We ________________ the homework when the teacher came back. (finish) 2.When I got to the checkout, I realized that I ________ ( leave) my purse at home. 考点二:过去完成时 when 一般过去时 1.He said he___________________ the film. ( see ) 2.She told me she _________ ( be ill) recently. 3.He said he ___________ ( know) nothing about her until then. 考点三:用于宾语从句中 had finished had left had seen had been ill had known 语态 1、不知道或者没有必要提到动作的执行者: Some expensive watches were stolen last night. 昨晚一些昂贵的手表被盗了。 2、需要强调和突出动作的承受者: English is spoken widely in the world. 英语在世界上广泛地使用。 3、句子的主语是动作的承受者: Much soil was washed away by the heavy rain. 大量泥土被大雨冲走。 4、说话或者发表意见,为了显得公正客观,也常用以下结构: It is said that… 据说…… It is hoped that… 希望…… It is believed that… 据信…… It is reported that… 据报道…… 被动语态的用法: 各种时态的主动被动语态一览表 时态 主动语态 被动语态 主动语态 被动语态 一般现在时 do/does is/am/are done I close the door. The door is closed 一般过去时 did was/were dong Tim made the paper bag. The paper bag was made by Tim. 一般将来时 will/shall do will/shall be done They will build a new library in our school. The new library will be built in our school. 现在进行时 am/is/are doing am/is/are being done They are cleaning the room. The room is being cleaned by them. 各种时态的主动被动语态一览表 时态 主动语态 被动语态 主动语态 被动语态 现在完成时 have/has done have/has been done I haven''t found my purse. My purse hasn’t been found. 过去进行时 was/were doing was/were being done Kim was repairing the bicycle. The bicycle was being repaired by Kim. 过去完成时 had done had been done They had written two books by the end of last month. Two books had been written by the end of last month. 过去将来时 would/should do would/should be done He said they would hold a party. He said a party would be held. 含情态动词 can/may/must do can/may/must be done We can finish this project. This project can be finished by us. 语态 考点一 happen / take place 无被动语态 (√,×) 被动语态。 如:sound, seem, smell, taste, look, feel … sell , suit, wash, wear, write … The song sounds beautiful. The cloth feels soft / comfortable. The books sell well . The shoes suit you. This cloth washes well. Silk wears well. This pen writes well. 考点二 有些 表状态特征的系动词 和某些 表主语内在品质或性能的动词,通常不用 语态 She made me do the housework . → I was made to do the housework by her . I saw him enter the room just now . → He was seen to enter the room just mow. 考点三 下列词在主动中省略to,被动句中加上to . see , hear , let , make, watch, notice, feel等使役动词和感官动词在主动语态中与省略to的动词不定式连用,但变成被动语态以后,要把省略的to还原。 语态 We laughed at him. → He was laughed at (by us). People take care good of the old men in China. →The old men in China are taken good care of. 考点四 由不及物动词 介词或副词形成的被动语态,后面的介词或副词不能去掉。 This kind of pen writes very smoothly. The books sell well. 考点五 open, lock, write, read, sell, clean, wash, cut, drive 等词做不及物动词且他们的主语为物时,可用主动语态表示被动意义。 语态 The question is easy to answer. The mountain is difficult to climb. 考点六 不定式在某些形容词之后且与主语有动宾关系,主动语态表示被动。 I will have my watch repaired soon. 考点七 “have/get 宾语 过去分词”这个结构也表示一种被动的意思。 The flowers need watering. These books are worth reading. 考点八 在need 后面,主动的-ing 形式表示被动的意义;在be worth doi
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