当前位置: 首页 > 综合课件 > 中考课件 > 中考英语 > 课件信息

牛津译林版中考英语 语法专题十二句子各类和it的用法复习课件

  • 课件名称:牛津译林版中考英语 语法专题十二句子各类和it的用法复习课件
  • 创 作 者:未知
  • 课件添加:admin
  • 更新时间:2018-5-3 7:22:07
  • 课件大小:93 K
  • 课件等级★★★
  • 授权方式:免费版
  • 运行平台:Win9x/NT/2000/XP/2003
  • ◆课件简介:
    牛津译林版中考英语 语法专题十二句子各类和it的用法复习课件
    中考语法专题十二句子各类和it的用法 第二部分 语法复习 考点一.it 用法 1.作形式宾语或形式主语,作形式宾语常用的句型。 It takes sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花了某人多少时间 It’s adj. to do sth. 做某事是…… It’s adj. for / of sb. to do sth. 做某事对某人而言是……/做某事某人是……的 It’s no use / no good / worth doing sth. 做没用 /没好处/值得/有趣 … 做某事没用处/没好处/没价值 It took us nearly a week to get to Xingjiang. 我们花了将近一周的时间才到达新疆。 考点一.it 用法 It’s important to learn English well. 学好英语很重要。 It’s kind of you to help me. 你帮助了我,你真好。 It’s worth reading the book. 这本书值得读。 2.it代指时间,季节,天气,距离,婴儿,不明身份的人等。 It is almost 8 o’clock. We must start now. 将近八点了。我们必须现在开始了。 ---What is the weather like today? --- It’s fine. --今天天气怎么样。 --天气很好。 Who is knocking at the door? --- It is me. --谁在敲门? --是我 考点一.it 用法 3.代词one , it, that 区别 that 代指前面提到的名词,以避免重复。 it 特指上下文提到的同一对象,同类同物。 one 泛指上下文的同类事物中的一个,同类而不同物。 The weather of Beijing is as good as that of Qingdao. 北京的天气和青岛的天气一样好。 The book is mine. It’s very interesting. 那本书是我的。它很有趣。 ---Who has a pen ? ---I have one. --谁那儿有钢笔? --我有一只。 考点二.陈述句、疑问句、感叹句和祈使句 一、陈述句:是用来陈述一件事情或表示一种看法,可分为肯定句和否定句两种形式。 肯定句 → 否定句 Lily has already read this new book. Rose didn''t drink any milk this morning. 二、疑问句:是用来提出问题的句子。 1 . 一般疑问句: 以be动词, have /has/do等助动词、can/may等情态动词开头,以yes或no来回答的问句。 它的基本结构是:Be/Have /Has/Did等助动词(包括情态动词)+主语+谓语+┄? Do you like English? 你喜欢英语吗? 考点二.陈述句、疑问句、感叹句和祈使句 Are you a student? 你是一名学生吗? Can you speak English ? 你会讲英语吗? Have you ever been to the Great Wall? 你去过长城吗? 2. 特殊疑问句:以疑问代词或疑问副词开头,提出疑问的句子。 它的基本结构是:特殊疑问词+一般疑问句语序。常用的疑问词有:what, who(whom), whose, which, when, where, how, why等,不用yes或no来回答。 Which pen do you like ? Who are you? … 考点二.陈述句、疑问句、感叹句和祈使句 对数量提出疑问,疑问词为how many/how much ,要注意疑问词how many必须跟 名词的复数形式; 对价格提出疑问,疑问词用how much ; 对时间长度提出疑问,疑问词应用how long ; 对时间频率,如 once a year, twice a week等提问,疑问词用how often ; 对具体次数,如 once, twice, three times等提问,疑问词用how many times; 对in+一段时间提问,疑问词一般用how soon; 对距离提出疑问,疑问词用how far ; 1.----__________ will it take us to get there by bus? ---- About two hours. 2. ---____________ does your sister look like? ---- She is tall with long hair. 3.--- ____________ is the library from our school? --- It’s quite near, Just go across the road. 4. --- ___________ will she stay here? ---- For one and a half hours 5. ---- ___________ is that new bike over there? ---- I think it’s Sam’s. 6 . ----___________is your sister, Jim? ---- She’s a journalist from CCTV. 考点自测一 How far How long What How long Whose What 考点二.陈述句、疑问句、感叹句和祈使句 3. 选择疑问句: 指提问者提供两种或两种以上情况,让对方从中作出选择的句子。它的基本结构是:一般疑问句+or+一般疑问句(后一部分与前一部分相同的成分常常省略)。回答时,不用yes或no回答,而是选择其中一种回答。有时只需用一个不定代词回答,如all,both, either, neither, none. Would you like chicken or beef? 回答时用 I''d like beef. 4. 反意疑问句: 1. 反意疑问句是在一个陈述句之后附上一个简短的疑问句。对陈述句提出相反的疑问, 这种疑问句叫反意疑问句。反意疑问句的构成: 前肯,后否。 前否,后肯。注意:时态前后一致。人称、单/复数一致 填入or或and: 1. Are they sitting _______ standing in the classroom? 2. The students stopped talking _______ laughing when the teacher came in. 3. Meimei likes boating. (用swim改成选择疑问句) _______ Meimei ____ boating ______ __________? 4. She is a doctor. ( a nurse )→ _______ ________ a doctor __________ a nurse? 考点自测二 or and Does like or swimming Is She or 1. He is a teacher,_______________ he? 2. I can’t swim,_______________ I ? 3. He will be late, _______________ he? 4. Peter sings well,_______________ he? 5. Peter didn’t go home, _______________ he? 6. Li Mei read the newspaper to the granny , ___________? 考点自测三 isn’t can won’t does did didn’t she 考点二.陈述句、疑问句、感叹句和祈使句 注意: (1)当陈述句中有no,none ,never,neither,few,little,nothing,seldom,hardly , nobody ,too…to 等否定词时,反意疑问句应为肯定。 (2) 反意疑问句的特殊情况 1. 当陈述句是I’m …开头时,附加问句用aren’t I? 2.当陈述句是祈使句let’s开头时,附加问句用shall we ,其它祈使句用will you ? 3. 当陈述句是there be句型开头时,附加问句用be there? 4.陈述部分主语是不定代词everybody, anyone, somebody, nobody, no one, these, those等,疑问部分常用复数they。 陈述部分主语是指示代词或不定代词everything, that, nothing, this, 疑问部分主语用it. 考点二.陈述句、疑问句、感叹句和祈使句 5. 当陈述句是由I/we think/suppose/believe等引导的 从句时,反意疑问句应和从句的人称、时态保持一致,并根据主句选用肯定或否定形式。 6.陈述句must表“必须”时,疑问句用 needn’t/ mustn’t。陈述句mustn’t表“禁止”时,疑问句用must。陈述句must表“一定”时,疑问句部分应用must后面的助动词相呼应的助动词形式。 7. 陈述部分有had better 动词, 疑问句部分用 hadn’t you? 8.陈述部分有have to v. ( had to v.) , 疑问部分常用don’t 主语(didn’t 主语)。 1. I am Chinese, ___________? 2. Let''s go for a picnic tomorrow, __________? 3. Let us play games , __________? 4. Don’t eat food in class , __________ _________? 5. There were a lot of apples, _______ _______? 6. There won’t be any fashion shows on Sunday morning, _______ ________? 7. There will be many people at the party, _________ _________ ? 8. Everyone knows the answer, ______ ______? 9. Nobody knows about it, ______ ______? 10.These are your pens, ____________ __________ ? 考点自测四 考点二.陈述句、疑问句、感叹句和祈使句 ●注意: 1) 前否后肯的回答 Li Lei never goes to school late, does he? 李雷上学从不迟到,是吗? 不,他迟到。Yes, he does. 是的,从不迟到。No, he doesn’t. 2) 反意问句中要注意到有些词的缩略形式。 ''s既是has也是is/was的缩略形式。 ''d既是would也是had的缩略形式。 He''s already finished his homework.(改成
    进入下载页
    ◆其他下载: [单元试题] [单元教案] [ 综合试题]
    ◆关键词查询:[查找更多关于牛津译林版中考英语语法专题的教学资源]