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牛津译林版中考英语 语法专题四 主谓一致复习课件

  • 课件名称:牛津译林版中考英语 语法专题四 主谓一致复习课件
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  • 更新时间:2018-5-3 6:47:17
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    牛津译林版中考英语 语法专题四 主谓一致复习课件
    中考语法专题四 主谓一致 第二部分 语法复习 考点一 英语语法要求句子的主语在人称和数方面必须与谓语保持一致,简称主谓一致。 either…or…或者……或者……/ neither…nor…既不……也不…… / not only…but also…不仅……而且……/there be句型中,谓语采用就近原则。即谓语动词的形式与它临近的名词一致。 Neither my classmates nor I am going to the party. 我和我的同学们都不打算去参加晚会。 There is going to be a football match and two basketball matches in our school tomorrow. 明天我们学校将举行一场足球比赛和两场篮球比赛。 考点自测 一 1. Neither the students nor the teacher _________ ( be ) in the classroom now. 2. Not only he but also I _________ ( be )from Canada. We are also Canadians. 3. Either the teacher or the students _________ ( see ) the film before. 4. There ________ ( be )an English teacher and thirty-five students in the classroom. 5. There ________ ( be )thirty-five students and an English teacher in the classroom. is am have seen is are 考点二 不定代词 something , anything , nothing , everything , somebody , anybody , nobody , everybody , someone , anyone , no one, everyone 作主语时,谓语动词用单数。 No one wants to read such books. 没有人想看那样的书 考点自测二 1. Listen ! Somebody ______________ ( follow )us. 2. Nobody ________ (be )late for school yesterday. 3. Everyone in their class __________ (like ) playing basketball. 4. There ________ (be)something wrong with my computer. is following was likes is 考点三 不定式, 动名词作主语时, 谓语动词用单数。 Swimming does good to our body. 游泳对我们身体有益。 考点自测三 1. To see _________ (be) to believe. 2. Doing physical exercises every day ________ (be) good for our health. is is 考点四 表示时间,距离,价格,重量 ,数目,数学运算等的词或短语做主语时,表示整体概念,谓语动词用单数。 考点自测四 1. Two months _________ (be)a long time . 2. Twenty pounds _________ (be)not so heavy. 3. Ten miles _________ (be)a long distance for the old man. 4. Eleven minus four _________ (equal)seven . is is is equals 考点五 当主语后出现with , together with , along with , as well as , besides , except , but , like , including , rather than ( 而不是) …. 等介词或介词短语时,采用就远法,即谓语动词由前面的主语决定。 Tom as well as his parents is against the law. 汤姆和他的父母都反对这项法律。 1. Ben with her parents _________(be)in China since three years ago. 2. Everyone except Tom and John _________ ( be )there when the meeting began. 3. Tom , like his father , _________ (enjoy) playing football very much. 考点自测五 has been was enjoys 考点六 trousers(裤子), shoes(鞋子), glasses(眼镜), scissors(剪刀)单独做主语时,谓语动词用复数。前面有a/ this/that pair(双,副) / sort/ kind/ type(种类) of 时,谓语动词用单数。前面有two/ these/those pairs(双,副) / sorts/ kinds/ types(种类) of 谓语动词用复数。 His shoes are the same as his brother’s. 他的鞋和他弟弟的鞋是一样的。 This pair of glasses fits him well. 这副眼镜很适合他。 1.His trousers ___________white. ( be ) 2. This pair of his trousers ___________ white. ( be ) 考点自测六 are is 考点七 分数/百分数of 名词,动词的单数或复取决于of后面的名词。 70 of the land is covered by water. 百分之七十的陆地被水覆盖。 1. Two thirds of the students in our class _________ (have) already joined the League. 2. Two thirds of the water ___________ (have) been polluted in this river. 3. One of the best students ___________ ( be )Tom. 考点自测七 have has is 考点八 短语 汉语意思 后接名词形式 谓语动词 a number of 一些 复数可数名词 动词复数 the number of …的数量 复数可数名词 动词单数 an amount of 大量 不可数名词 动词单数 the amount of …的数量 不可数名词 动词单数 A large number of people were present. 很多人出席了。 The number of companies has decreased from 198 to 96. 公司的数量已经从198个减少到了96个。 A large amount of money was spent on the bridge. 在这座桥上花了大量的资金。 考点自测八 1. A number of boy students ___________ (be) football fans. 2. The number of boy students ___________ (be) 40 in our class. 3. A large amount of waste water ___________ (be) poured into the river every day. It is so serious that we must do something to stop it. are is is 考点九 each / every 名词做主语,none , either , neither of 名词 或 none , either , neither , another 直接作主语,谓语动词用单数。all/some/most of 名词,动词单复数取决于后面的名词。 考点自测九 1. Every / Each student __________ in class now. ( be ) 2. The students each __________ in class now. ( be ) 3. Most of us __________ ( like ) watching the basketball matches. 4. Either of us _________ (have) ever been to Beijing. 5. Neither of the two brothers __________ ( live ) with their parents. 6. Each of them __________ ( have ) an English dictionary. 7. All of the students __________ ( be ) present at the meeting yesterday . is are like has lives has are 考点十 news , maths , physics , politics做主语,谓语动词用单数. 1. No news __________ good news. ( be ) 2. Physics __________ my favourite subject. ( be ) is is 考点自测十 考点十一 1. people , police, clothes(衣服), cattle(牲畜) , goods(货物), arms(武器)等集体名词做主语,谓语动词用复数形式; The police are searching for the suspect。 警察正在追捕那个嫌疑犯。 2. family, class, group , team 等集体名词作主语时,如侧重整体,谓语动词用单数;如 侧重成员时,谓语动词用复数形式。 My family has four people. 我家有四口人。 His family are completely behind him, whatever he decides. 他无论作出什么决定,家人都全力支持。 3. furniture(家俱) , clothing(衣服) 等总称名词做主语谓语动词用单数。 考点自测十一 1. The police __________ ( help ) a little girl look for his father now. 2. Class Five ___________( be ) on the second floor of that building. 3.His family __________ ( be ) all teachers. And they are in the same school. 4.His family __________ ( be ) a big family. 5. A lot of ne
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